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Business and Management Question – Challenges to Effective Management Processes

Write a one to two (1–2) page paper in which you discuss the single biggest challenge to effective management process and one (1) recommendation for addressing that challenge.

The format of the paper is to be as follows:

Typed, double-spaced, New Times Roman font (size 12), one-inch margins on all sides. APA format.
In addition to the one to two (1–2) pages required, a title page is to be included. is to contain the title of the assignment, your name, the instructor’s name, the course title, and the date.

Business and Management Question – Managing in a Global Business Envir- Ethics, Corporate Social responsibliy

Managing in a Global Business Envir- Ethics, Corporate Social responsibility

Ethical Issues at Apple page 132.

The closing case describes the deplorable working conditions at the Apple factory in China page 132 (look below). Wages are very low and working conditions are poor.What do you think apple should do to ethically to correct this Problem?

Ethical Issues at Apple

In mid-2006, news reports surfaced suggesting there were systematic labor abuses at a factory in China that makes the iPhone and iPod for Apple, Inc. According to the reports, workers at Hongfujin Precision Industry were paid as little as $50 a month to work 15-hour shifts making Apple products. There were also reports of forced overtime and poor living conditions for the workers, many of them young women who had migrated from the countryside to work at the plant and lived in company-owned dormitories.

The 2006 articles were the work of two Chinese journalists, Wang You and Weng Bao, employed by China Business News, a state-run newspaper. The target of the reports, Hongfujin Precision Industry, was reportedly China’s largest export manufacturer with overseas sales totaling $14.5 billion. Hongfujin is owned by Foxconn, a large Taiwanese conglomerate, whose customers (in addition to Apple) include Intel, Dell, and Sony Corporation. The Hongfujin factory is a small city in its own right, with clinics, recreational facilities, buses, and 13 restaurants that serve the 200,000 employees.

Upon hearing the news, Apple management responded quickly, pledging to audit the operations to make sure Hongfujin was complying with Apple’s code on labor standards for subcontractors. Managers at Hongfujin took a somewhat different tack; they filed a defamation suit against the two journalists, suing them for $3.8 million in a local court, which promptly froze the journalists’ personal assets pending a trial. Clearly, the management of Hongfujin was trying to send a message to the journalist community—criticism would be costly. The suit sent a chill through the Chinese journalist community because Chinese courts have shown a tendency to favor powerful, locally based companies in legal proceedings.

Within six weeks, Apple had completed its audit. The company’s report suggested that although workers had not been forced to work overtime and were earning at least the local minimum wage, many had worked more than the 60 hours a week allowed for by Apple, and their housing was substandard. Under pressure from Apple, management at Hongfujin agreed to bring practices in line with Apple’s code, committing to building new housing for employees and limiting work to 60 hours a week.

However, Hongfujin did not immediately withdraw the defamation suit. In an unusually bold move in a country where censorship is still common, China Business News gave its unconditional backing to Wang and Weng. The Shanghai-based news organization issued a statement arguing that what the two journalists did “was not a violation of any rules, laws, or journalistic ethics.” The Paris-based Reporters Without Borders also took up the case of Wang and Weng, writing a letter to Apple’s then CEO, the late Steve Jobs, stating, “We believe that all Wang and Weng did was to report the facts and we condemn Foxconn’s reaction. We therefore ask you to intercede on behalf of these two journalists so that their assets are unfrozen and the lawsuit is dropped.”

Once again, Apple moved quickly, pressuring Foxconn behind the scenes to drop the suit. Foxconn agreed to do so and issued a “face-saving” statement saying the two sides had agreed to end the dispute after apologizing to each other “for the disturbances brought to both of them by the lawsuit.” The experience shed a harsh light on labor conditions in China. At the same time, the response of the Chinese media, and China Business News in particular, point toward the emergence of some journalistic freedoms in a nation that has historically seen news organizations as a mouthpiece for the state.

More recent news may indicate new ethical concerns at Apple’s production facilities in China. In a 2014 story by BBC News, Apple is again the center of issues related to workers’ hours, ID cards, housing arrangements, work meetings, and juvenile workers at its Pegatron facilities on the outskirts of Shanghai. Apple disagreed strongly with the portray of the Pegatron factory’s working conditions, and stated in the BBC News article that “We are aware of no other company doing as much as Apple to ensure fair and safe working conditions.”

Sources: R. Bilton, “Apple Failing to Protect Chinese Factory Workers,” BBC News, December 18, 2014; E. Kurtenbach, “The Foreign Factory Factor,” Seattle Times, August 31, 2006, pp. C1, C3; Elaine Kurtenbach, “Apple Says It’s Trying to Resolve Dispute over Labor Conditions at Chinese iPod Factory,” Associated Press Financial Wire, August 30, 2006; “Chinese iPod Supplier Pulls Suit,” Associated Press Financial Wire, September 3, 2006. Copyright (c) 2006 by Associated Press. Used with permission

Business and Management Question – multiple choice questions about Psychology

1.You do an experiment to show that smoking causes cancer. What is the dependent variable?A. Whether participants develop cancer or not

B. Whether participants smoke or not

C. The number of participants in the experiment

D. Experiments do not have dependent variables

2.Which of the following procedures is only relevant to experimental research?

A. Operational definitions

B. Random selection (also called random sampling)

D. Random assignment

3.Carl is conducting a study to see if room temperature affects memory performance during a classroom setting. He splits his participants into three groups and has them each watch an instructional video in a different room. He makes the temperature in one room slightly warmer than normal, another slightly colder than normal, and the third he keeps at a typical room temperature. Afterwards, he quizzes his subjects on the content of the video and compares their performance. Carl’s study would be an example of:

A. Correlational research

B. Experimental research

C. Descriptive Research

D. none of the above

4.You conduct an experiment in which you hypothesize that the moods of participants will be influenced by the amount of light that they are exposed. What is the dependent variable in this study?

A. The amount of light that participants are exposed

B. The number of participants

C. The mood of participants

D. Experimental research does not involve dependent variables

5.To derive a standard deviation you

A. Average all the scores, square them, and then take the square root

B. Take the square root of each score, add the positive roots together, and divide by the number of scores

C. Square each score, subtract the squared score from the mean, sum the difference scores, and take the square root of this value

D. Subtract the mean from each score, and square this value, sum the squares and divide the sums by the number of scores minus 1, then take the square root

6.A correlation of +1.03 is

B. moderately strong

7.What is the outlier in this distribution of numbers [1 1 1 2 3 3 2 4 9]?

8.Headache medicines work in part because you think that they will work. This is called the

A. Hindsight bias

B. Fundamental attribution error

C. Placebo effect

D. Clever Hans Phenomenon

9.Mary is conducting research to see how much time the typical college student spends either talking or texting on their cell phone. She has participants fill out logs of their entire cell phone

usage for a week, along with collecting information such as demographics and their make and model of cell phone. Mary’s study would be considered

A. Correlational research

B. Experimental research

C. Descriptive Research

D. none of the above

10.The positive correlation between ice cream sales and violent crime is most likely explained by the fact that

A. Ice cream can cause severe headaches, which make people more aggressive

B. Violent people tend to enjoy ice cream more than non-violent people

C. Ice cream sales and violent crime both increase when it is hot outside

D. Ice cream contains small traces of cow-produced testosterone, and testosterone has been show to make people more aggressive

11.Gathering a group of students in a class and giving them a survey would be an example of

A. convenience sampling

B. random selection

C. random assignment

D. a clinical outcome study

12.Martha is looking for the potential for mindreading in her fellow students. She thinks of a number and then asks her classmates to clear their mind and attempt to “feel” which number she is thinking of. If someone guesses correctly, she believes she has found a mind reader, no matter how many incorrect guesses the person may have made previously. Martha is conducting

A. Correlational research

B. Experimental research

C. Descriptive Research

D. none of the above

Business and Management Question – journal

Journals allow you to think about how the course content relates to your experiences, philosophies, and beliefs. There are no right or wrong answers; the value lies in your critical thinking. The questions below may spark some ideas regarding language and communication. You do not need to address all the questions; instead, write down your thoughts as they unfold.

You are surrounded by language and communication! Language and communication has become more expansive in our new digital world. While these changes do open many doors, there are also new areas to reflect on. Think about your day today.

How did you communicate?
Is this different than how you communicated 10 years ago?
How about 20 years ago?
Our language and our means of communication have changed over time.
Have our rules and theories also changed?
What about our interactions and expectations?
How about the effectiveness of our communication?
How do you think the new forms of language and abundance of diverse communication methods will affect our children and youth?
What is the impact of this new communication on the “old” forms of communication?
Do you think there will be a change in the language acquisition process?
What might be the advantages and disadvantages of such a change?